Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Industry Insight | Market Update Volume 3, Issue 2
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on news worthy events pertaining to the Hereford Seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA), information sent to subscribers comes from material available on www.hereford.org or authored by staff of AHA, Hereford World Publications Inc., and Certified Hereford Beef LLC (CHB).
Hereford Highlights

In the Yards and On the Hill

It's been an exciting week in Denver for the 100th National Western Stock Show. On Thursday junior Hereford exhibitors showed on the Hill, followed by the carload and pen show in the Yards. On Friday the National Hereford Female Show was held on the Hill. For complete results, visit http://www.hereford.org/AHA/tabID__3892/tailored.aspx.

Hereford activities in Denver will conclude on Saturday with the National Hereford Bull Show on the Hill.


Recognizing Years of Dedication

The following 25- and 50-year breeders were recognized on Jan. 12 at the National Western Stock Show for their longstanding dedication to the Hereford breed.

Douthit Herefords, St. Francis, Kan.
San Isabel Herefords, Westcliffe, Colo.
Julie Campbell/Dan Casement, Las Lunas, N.M.
Strang Herefords, Meeker, Colo.
Upstream Ranch, Taylor, Neb.
Mills Hereford Ranch, St. Francis, Kan.
Middleswarth Ranch, Torrington, Wyo.
CK Ranch, Brookville, Kan.
Ridder Hereford Ranch, Callaway, Neb.
Franklin Herefords, Meeker, Colo.
Norell Herefords, Meeker, Colo.
S.E. Witwer & Sons, Greeley, Colo.
Peavy Ranch, Peyton, Colo.
Homm Herefords, Burlington, Colo.
Danner Ranch, Burwell, Neb.
John & George Heinz/Bryon & Donna Heinz, Torrington, Wyo.
Painter Herefords, Phoenix, Ariz.
Milligan Herefords, Kings, Ill.
Fulscher & Kepler Herefords, Amherst, Colo.
Mike Hinman Ranches, Fort Morgan, Colo.
Perry Blach, Yuma, Colo.
Goemmer Bros., LaVeta, Colo.
R. Wendel Mousel & Sons, Cambridge, Neb.
Dan Junkin, Holdrege, Neb.
Helen Hanson VanMeter, Centennial, Colo.
John Painter, Tres Piedreas, N.M.
Otto Maul & Sons Polled Herefords, Kiowa, Colo.
DeBerard Ranch, Granby, Colo.
J.A. Schoen & Sons Herefords, Lenora, Kan.
Banning Lewis Ranches, Colorado Springs, Colo.
Wyoming Hereford Ranch, Cheyenne, Wyo.
Seedorf Herefords, Yuma, Colo.
Groshans Herefords, Holyoke, Colo.
Glenda Hartman, Walden, Colo.
Jean Hanson, Greeley, Colo.


Hereford Bulls Offered in Washington Bull Test Sale, March 22

The 13th Annual Washington Cattlemen’s Association (WCA) and Washington State University (WSU) Bull Test sale is scheduled for March 22 at 12:30 p.m. The sale is held at the WSU Irrigated Ag Research & Extension Center in Prosser, Wash.

One hundred and sixty-three horned and polled Hereford, Angus, Red Angus and Simmental bulls are currently on test. Jean Smith, test data coordinator, reports that the bulls gained 3.74 lb. per day with a 3.24 lb. weight per day of age during the first 40 days of the test. Art Linton, test station manager, attributes the excellent results to ideal weather conditions, fewer bulls per pen and improvement in quality of the bulls on test.

Craig Huffhines, executive vice president of the American Hereford Association, will be the speaker at the Breeders Forum during the pre-sale social hour on March 21. His presentation is titled “Enhancing the Value of Commercial Genetics.” Huffhines will cover tools and information that will be helpful to commercial cattle operations.

Additionally, for the first time this year, the WCA Allied Industry members are holding a trade show and sponsoring a complimentary lunch prior to the sale.

Breeders from Washington, Idaho and Oregon have consigned bulls to the test. Data can be viewed online at www.prosser.wsu.edu, or reports can be received by contacting Smith at 5600 E. West Canal Place, Kennewick, WA 99336.

Industry Insight

How Big and How Much Milk?
Tom Field
Colorado State University Department of Animal Science

Determining the appropriate mix of mature size and milk production is a key step in the process of deciding appropriate stocking rates, optimizing feed costs and selecting animals with the best chance of thriving in a particular range environment. While measuring mature weight is easily accomplished, measuring milk production is far less convenient.

Watch for indicators that the nutritional requirements of the cow are not being aligned with available feed resources. You should track trends in calving distribution, percent pregnancy of second-calf females and body condition score.

When the breeding season has been maintained within relatively similar time ranges, then the trend in distribution of calving over time provides an excellent early detection system for mismatches between feed requirements and feed supply. Take the following example:

Year % calving in
1st 21 days
% calving in
2nd 21 days
% calving in
3rd 21 days
% calving in
4th 21 days
1 69 21 8 2
2 65 25 7 3
3 62 26 8 4
4 58 25 12 5
5 56 27 12 5
6 54 28 15 3

There is a slow change from year to year that might not be noticed as problematic unless the trend is viewed in a larger time frame.

The second pregnancy seems to be the greatest challenge for most cow-calf enterprises regardless of region. Tracking this trend provides useful insight particularly when combined with an evaluation of data on the weaning weights of the females’ first offspring. Open or late-bred heifers at the end of the second breeding season that weaned the heaviest calves in the first season may signal a disparity between nutritional requirements and available feed.

Finally, body condition score is a very useful tool for monitoring the ability of animals to maintain and regain energy stores from available forage resources.

For more information on this topic, contact a nearby land grant university or Extension service office.


New Organization Will Manage Animal ID Database

Charles Miller recently announced the formation of an organization created to manage the industry led animal identification database as prescribed by the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) plan. This group, the U.S. Animal Identification Organization (USAIO), will work with industry and animal health authorities “to move the NAIS forward in a positive, proactive way,” says chairman Miller.

Miller is a cow-calf producer from Nicholasville, Ky. Other board members elected on Jan. 10 were Rick Stott, a Boise, Idaho, beef producer and Lance Kuck, a Basset, Neb., bison producer. The board will grow as industry groups formally adopt the USAIO as their database repository for animal movement data.

“A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) has been submitted by the USAIO to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to form a strategic partnership and fulfill Secretary Johanns’ directive for the industry to develop the database repository,” Miller says. “USAIO looks forward to engaging all the interested parties to provide an effective, efficient and inexpensive database for the NAIS.”

For information regarding the USAIO formation and governance, contact Miller at (859) 885-4773. Questions about operation of the animal movement database should be directed to Stott, (208) 338-2500.


R-CALF USA Requests Hearing Regarding Canadian Border

The Ranchers-Cattlemen Action Legal Fund, United Stockgrowers of America (R-CALF USA) filed a motion on Jan. 6 in a U.S. District Court in Montana to request a hearing in its litigation against the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). The litigation concerns the agency’s minimal risk rule (Final Rule) issued in January 2005, dealing with opening the U.S. borders to cattle and beef products from countries affected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE).

According to R-Calf, the District Court issued a preliminary injunction on March 2, 2005, which prevented USDA’s Final Rule from being implemented and, in effect, continued a ban on the import of Canadian cattle and certain beef products into the U.S.

However, the USDA appealed that decision, and in July 2005, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the preliminary injunction, which reopened the Canadian border to live cattle less than 30 months of age and beef from cattle less than 30 months of age.

R-CALF USA’s position is that the 9th Circuit decision does not limit, or eliminate, the need for oral arguments of the case and a ruling by the District Court on the summary judgment motions filed by both R-CALF USA and USDA.

For the complete release issued by R-CALF USA, visit http://www.r-calfusa.com/News%20Releases/010906-cattle.htm.


Loans and Grants Available:
Renewable Energy Projects/Value-Added Agricultural Business Ventures

Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns has announced the availability of $19 million in grants to support the development of renewable energy projects and value-added agricultural business ventures.

The grants may be used for planning activities, such as feasibility studies, marketing plans and business plans needed to establish a viable value-added marketing opportunity for an agricultural product. They may also be used to provide working capital for operating a value-added business venture, marketing value-added agricultural products or for farm-based renewable energy projects.

Eligible applicants are independent producers, farmer and rancher cooperatives, agricultural producer groups and majority-controlled, producer-based business ventures. Priority consideration will be given to those applicants who have at least 51% of project costs dedicated to activities for a bioenergy project.

Awards will be made on a competitive basis. Applications must be received no later than March 31, 2006.  For more information, visit http://www.usda.gov/2006/01/0002.xml.


Grazing Conference Scheduled for Jan. 25-26

The Heart of America Grazing Conference will be held at the Cave City Convention Center, Cave City, Ky., on Jan. 25-26. The program includes information on grazing horses, replacement dairy heifers, goats, beef cattle and wildlife. It also includes information on environmentally friendly, economically sound and agronomically feasible grazing programs.

The conference, which moves annually from state to state, targets producers in Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and Missouri.

Pre-registration is encouraged. The fee is $15 per person for one day and $25 for both days. For more information, visit http://www.uky.edu/Ag/Forage/.


BVD Virus Meeting Held Prior to Cattle Industry Convention

A meeting titled “Production Level Control of BVD Virus” will be held on Jan. 31, preceding the 2006 Cattle Industry Annual Convention & Trade Show in Denver. The meeting will focus on what producers and practitioners need to know to prevent bovine viral diarrhea and to handle existing herd infections. For more information, visit http://www.ars.usda.gov/News/docs.htm?docid=10851.

Market Update

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain
University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To access this information, visit http://agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/bull2c.htm.

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