Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Industry Insight | Market Update Volume 3, Issue 7
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on news worthy events pertaining to the Hereford seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA). Information sent to subscribers comes from material available on www.hereford.org or authored by AHA, Hereford World and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC staff.
Hereford Highlights

Hereford 101 in the Comfort of Your Home, March 2

The American Hereford Association (AHA) is webcasting Hereford 101 using the LiveAuctions.tv Web site on March 2, 7 p.m. Craig Huffhines, AHA executive vice president, and Jack Ward, AHA chief operating officer and director of breed improvement, will cover the state of the AHA and basic performance issues. A question and answer session will follow. Details on how to submit questions will be provided during the Webinar.

In order to view the video, your computer needs to have a broadband connection to the Internet. Dial up Internet will allow you to participate, but will only facilitate the audio portion of the Webinar.

If you go to LiveAuctions.tv, you will see an item in the calendar (list of sales) for Hereford 101. Click on it and you will be prompted to enter a user name and password. If you haven't previously set up an account you can do so via the Web site. It only takes a minute or two, just click on the appropriate link. It is strongly suggested that you set up an account before the night of the Webinar as many participants are expected.


Hereford Females Needed for Boys Ranch

Dan Crawford, Tulsa, Okla., is looking for purebred Hereford cows or heifers for the Oklahoma Lions Boys Ranch near Perkins, Okla. The Ranch takes in abused or neglected young boys. Full-time, live-in foster parents raise them in homes that the State of Oklahoma's Lions Service Foundation owns and operates.

Most of the boys at the Ranch either have no family at all or have been made a ward of the Courts. This year, the Ranch had to close one of the homes and send the boys back into state custody.

To reopen the home and to build more homes, the Ranch is asking for purebred cattle (commercial grade purebreds accepted at this time). The Ranch parents and boys consume a few calves each year and sell the vast bulk of the calves for operating expenses. With help, the Ranch hopes to begin to support itself by raising and selling cattle instead of depending on handouts and donations.

As a 501(c3) corporation, donations are tax deductible and the Lions Service Foundation provides a written receipt. No Hereford cattle have been donated so far. To help, contact Crawford at (918) 749-8400.


Important Whole Herd TPR Announcement

Make sure to have all whole herd inventories submitted to the AHA Records Department before the $2 surcharge goes into effect on March 15.


Save Money – Register Your Calves Early

Register your calves under 4 months of age and save money. The fee for registration up to four months using the online registry is $10. It increases to $15 between 4-8 months. Paper registry costs $12 up to 4 months and $18 from 4-8 months.


2007 Nominating Committee

The AHA nominating committee’s responsibility is to identify six candidates to run for the three Board spots that are selected during the AHA Annual Membership Meeting in October. The 2007 committee members are:

  • Guy Colyer, Bruneau, Idaho, chairman
  • Dusty Rhodes, Henrietta, Texas
  • Bill Ashe, Selmer, Tenn.
  • Ray Ramsey, Greenfield, Ind.
  • Glenn Oleen, Falun, Kan.


Winter CHB Newsletter Online

The winter 2006 Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC newsletter is available on the CHB LLC Web site. To view the newsletters, visit www.herefordbeef.org/AHA/tabID__3740/tailored.aspx.

The CHB LLC newsletter is a quarterly publication for current and potential customers of the program and those interested in the success of Hereford beef. You will find information about the program's products and events, as well as features on customers and industry news.


Hereford Inquiries Soar

Visits to the official AHA Web site, www.hereford.org, reached 358,097 in January. Increased activity was triggered by the release of the latest genetic evaluation results. To view the Spring 2006 Sire Summary, click on “Whole Herd TPR,” then “EPD Search & Reference.”

Industry Insight

Bull Reproductive Evaluation Goes Beyond Breeding Soundness Exam
John B. Hall
Virginia Tech Department of Animal & Poultry Science

Many producers will be purchasing bulls in the next few months. Buyers and breeders need to remember that evaluation of a bull’s breeding ability needs to continue after the breeding soundness exam. A breeding soundness exam, including external and internal examination and semen evaluation, is essential to eliminate bulls that will be infertile or subfertile. However, passing a breeding soundness exam is not a 100% guarantee that a bull will be a successful breeder. Factors that affect bull fertility such as biochemical abnormalities of sperm, bull libido and bull serving capacity cannot be assessed during the normal breeding soundness exam. Therefore, bulls need further management during the breeding season.

Management and observation of bulls is critical during the first few days of the breeding season. This is especially important for young bulls. Mainly, you are looking for indicators of libido and performance. A bull should be observed several times a day until you are sure of the following:

  • He is identifying and locating cows in heat.
  • He is successful in mounting cows.
  • Penetration is achieved and he is servicing the cow.
  • Young bulls don't "fall in love" with one cow and ignore others in heat.
  • One bull is not over-dominated in a multi-sire situation and becomes a punching bag for other bulls.

The importance of this assessment during the first few days cannot be over emphasized. This observation period is essential to determine bull libido and breeding ability. Recently, we conducted an experiment involving estrous synchronized heifers bred by natural service or artificial insemenation (AI). For synchronized natural service, mature bulls that had passed their breeding soundness exams were each placed with 22 heifers that were treated to be in heat over a five-day period. Pregnancy rates varied greatly between the three bulls even though the bulls were experienced and had successfully bred cows the year before (Table 1). Pregnancy rates for K004 were so low at an early ultrasound pregnancy exam that he was replaced with N015.

Table 1. Pregnancy rates of heifers bred to three bulls passing breeding soundness exams

  K004 (N015) M030 M076
Synchronized
(First 10 days of breeding season)
9% 66.7% 47.6%
First 30 days of breeding season 47.8% 66.7% 76.2%
Overall
(60-day breeding season)
73.9% 95.2% 90.2%

What happened to K004? The farm manager had noted that K004 had little interest in heifers in heat. Had K004 not been replaced the effect on overall pregnancy rate would have been disastrous. Synchronized pregnancy rates for heifers bred AI were 59.8% with overall pregnancy rates of 90%.

Bulls should be seen at least weekly during the breeding season. Producers should spend enough time to thoroughly examine the bull. Make sure he is not getting too thin or has become injured or ill. If he has become disinterested in cows or too many cows are coming back into heat, he should be replaced.


Costa Rica Opens Doors to U.S. Beef

According the American Meat Institute, Costa Rica has ended its ban on imports of U.S. beef. The country will allow boneless beef, tongues, kidneys, livers and hearts. Costa Rica will not mandate a beef export verification program (BEV) if “the slaughter or processing plant is dedicated exclusively to production of beef products from animals less than 30 months of age, and does not use imported beef products.” Plants unable to meet this requirement will have to be enrolled in a BEV program.


Thailand to Accept Boneless U.S. Beef

The American Meat Institute reports that Thailand will begin allowing imports of boneless U.S. beef. Export regulations are similar to those of Costa Rica. For more information, visit www.meatami.com.


Cattle Industry Representatives Welcome Delegation from Japan

Representatives of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) and the Kansas Livestock Association (KLA) were among a group of beef industry leaders that welcomed a delegation of Japanese officials to Kansas on Feb. 10. KLA member Tracy Brunner serves on the NCBA Executive Committee and is chairman of the Kansas Beef Council. Dee Likes is executive vice president of KLA, one of NCBA's largest state affiliates. Both were on hand as 11 Japanese officials and staff got a firsthand look at U.S. beef production.

The delegation also met with officials from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), representatives of the American Meat Institute and Tyson Foods, and several members of the media. They toured a cow-calf operation near Tonganoxie, Kan., as well as Emporia Processing, a packing facility located in Emporia.

Brunner, a cattleman from Ramona, Kan., said the face-to-face visit with Japanese officials offered a great opportunity to exchange information and demonstrate the extensive safety measures taken by the U.S. beef industry.


Tyson Consolidates Beef Operations

Tyson Foods Inc. is consolidating beef operations in northeast Nebraska this week. Tyson will permanently close its beef processing plant in Norfolk and beef slaughter plant in West Point. Production will be shifted primarily to the company’s beef complex in Dakota City, Neb., which is completing a new beef processing addition.


See How Your Checkoff Dollars Were Used in 2005

The 2005 annual report of the Cattlemen’s Beef Board, released at the Cattle Industry Annual Convention, highlights some of the leading promotion, research, information and education programs funded by cattlemen and importers through their beef checkoff investments during the last year.

In addition, the report provides detailed, audited financial information for the 2005 fiscal year, state-by-state checkoff revenue listings and comparisons of 2005 expenditures to those in 2004.

Free copies of the report are available by writing to the Beef Board at 9110 E. Nichols Ave., Ste. 303, Centennial, CO 80112, by calling 303-850-3465 or by sending a request to beefboard@beefboard.org. The report is also available to download at www.beefboard.org/fina2005BeefBoardAnnualReport(PDF).aspx.


NCBA Challenges EPA Deadlines

According to the NCBA, many cattle producers may be forced to alter parts of their operations to meet as of yet undetermined permitting requirements unless the Environmental Protection Agency changes implementation deadlines for its water rules. For some, NCBA officials say the financial investment required could be substantial. For more information, visit www.beefusa.org/news_resources.aspx.


BIF Early Registration Due March 15

The Beef Improvement Federation Annual Meeting will be held at Pearl River Resort in Choctaw, Miss., April 18-21, 2006. To receive the early registration discount, participants must register by March 15. For additional information, including a schedule of events and registration form, visit msucares.com/livestock/beef/bif2006.html.

Market Update
Downloads:

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain
University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To view this information, visit agebb.missouri.edu/mkt/bull2c.htm.

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