Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Market Update | Industry Insight Volume 3, Issue 48
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on newsworthy events pertaining to the Hereford seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA). Information sent to subscribers comes from material available on Hereford.org or authored by AHA, Hereford World and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC staff.
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Hereford Highlights

AHA Phone Service This Week

As many of you know there is a great deal of construction going on around the American Hereford Association (AHA) headquarters, led by the city government of Kansas City.

Due to this construction, the phone lines at the AHA office were accidentally cut Tuesday afternoon. This is the reason many of you may have been unable to reach Association staff by telephone mid-week.

We appreciate your patience during this unfortunate mishap and apologize for any inconvenience.


ShopHereford.com This Christmas

There is something for everyone on your Christmas list at ShopHereford.com. Visit this site to see the new inventory of Hereford jackets, windbreakers and vests. Shop from an assortment of AHA and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) apparel and merchandise this holiday season. From steak knives and wine glasses to hats and coats, you are sure to find something that will fit under the tree. To guarantee that your Internet orders arrive in time for Christmas, please place all orders by Dec. 13. If you have questions, contact Amy Cowan at acowan@hereford.org or Connie Couch at ccouch@herefordbeef.org.


Selling to Benefit the 2007 Junior National Hereford Expo

Four lots will sell at the Mile High Night National Hereford Sale, Jan. 12, 2007, to benefit the Junior National Hereford Expo (JNHE). Consider bidding on these lots to support the future of the breed and the largest Hereford show in the world!

Lot 33 consists of four embryos out of H Yours Truly 361 and sired by /S Mister Mom 7745. This offering is donated by Brumley Farms, Orovada, Nev.

Lots 34A and 34B are donated by Ned and Jan Ward, Sheridan, Wyo. The former consists of two embryos out of NJW 25C 1A Vaca 12E and sired by Klondike 28U 707B. The latter is five embryos out of the same dam, but sired by CMF 584T Frontier 634L.

Coyote Ridge Ranch, LaSalle, Colo., has donated Lot 36, a special breeding share in CRR D03 Shiner 420 ET — 30 units of semen each year from 2007-2009, totaling 90 units. The buyer may take all units of semen the first year if so desired. Certificates can be purchased at cost ($15) at the time of calf registration. Several breeders may join together to purchase the lot.

The Mile High Night catalog is posted at Herfnet.com and a copy was distributed with the December Hereford World. For more information, contact Joe Rickabaugh, AHA director of field management and seedstock marketing, at (816) 218-2280 or jrick@hereford.org.


Available by Mail Order — “The Hereford Legacy as Told by Bud Snidow”

Hereford history, who can recall it better than Bud Snidow, the AHA’s historical representative? The American Hereford Women (AHW) believe in the importance of preserving Hereford history and are offering a historical Hereford DVD. It features an interview with Bud Snidow and highlights some of his paintings. Then Bud takes watchers on a tour of the Hereford historical museum at the AHA headquarters. The interview is conducted by Eric Grant, Collbran, Colo.

The AHW hopes this DVD will be enjoyed and treasured by all who view it. Proceeds from sales will go to the Hereford Youth Foundation of America (HYFA).

The production of the DVD would not have been possible without the financial support of many sponsors. The AHW extends a huge thank you to all of the sponsors.

“The Hereford Legacy as Told by Bud Snidow” can be purchased for $20, plus $2 shipping.

For more information or to place an order, contact:
Cheryl Evans
P.O. Box 310
Winona, MS 38967
(662) 283-3337
eehje@dixie-net.com


Rescheduled – Hereford 101: Making Ultrasound Work for You

The online Hereford 101 that was postponed due to inclement weather on Nov. 30 is rescheduled for Dec. 14 at 7 p.m. CST. Patrick Wall, director of communications for The National Centralized Ultrasound Processing (CUP) Lab & Technology Center, will join Jack Ward, AHA chief operating officer and director of breed improvement, to discuss the importance of ultrasound and how to go about it on the ranch.

Participants will be encouraged to submit questions, either by calling in or through the online “chat.”

In order to view the video, your computer needs to have a broadband connection to the Internet. Dial-up Internet will allow you to participate, but will only facilitate the audio portion of the Webinar.

If you go to LiveAuctions.tv, you will see an item in the calendar (list of auctions) for Hereford 101. Click on it and you will be prompted to enter a user name and password. If you haven’t previously set up an account you can do so via the Web site. It only takes a minute or two; just click on the “Hereford 101” item, and then on “Create a New User.” It is strongly suggested that you set up an account before the night of the Webinar.

For more information, contact Ward at (816) 842-3757 or jward@hereford.org.


Hereford 101: Denver Preview

On Dec. 21 at 7 p.m., Joe Rickabaugh, AHA director of field management and seedstock marketing, will lead an online Hereford 101 about the Mile High Night National Hereford Sale and other activities at the National Western Stock Show (NWSS) in Denver. For details on how to participate, see the LiveAuctions.tv instructions in the above article.


Make Your NWSS Hotel Reservations Soon

If you’re planning to stay at the AHA headquarters hotel during the NWSS, make sure to reserve your rooms soon. The headquarters is the Renaissance Denver Hotel at 3801 Quebec Street. A block of rooms is reserved until Dec. 18. The rate is $84. Call (888) 238-6762 to make your reservations.

After Dec. 18, if you need to cancel rooms, please first contact Mary Ellen Hummel at (816) 842-3757 so other Hereford breeders needing rooms can have the opportunity to get the block rate.

Juniors will show their Hereford females on Jan. 11, followed by the carload and pen shows. The Hereford female show and Hereford sale are Jan. 12. Finally, the Hereford bull show is Jan. 13.

For more information, contact Amy Cowan at (816) 842-3757 or acowan@hereford.org.

National Cattle Services, Inc.
Market Update
Downloads:

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain, University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To view this information, visit the University of Missouri AgEBB Web site.

Hereford 101
Industry Insight

Cows Can Now Be Successfully Bred AI on a Single Day
John Hall, Virginia Tech Department of Animal & Poultry Science

Artificial insemination (AI) of cows in beef herds has been slow to catch on for a variety of reasons, but recent changes in estrous synchronization systems and the move toward value-based marketing make AI in commercial herds a strategy to consider. Through the years, estrous synchronization systems improved, but producers still had to check heat twice a day for at least three to five days and breed cows 12 hours after they came in heat. That was still a considerable amount of labor. In addition, it was hard for producers with small herds to find technicians to breed a few cows a day.

Recent estrous synchronization research has focused on systems to AI cattle on a single day without checking heat. These systems are called fixed-time AI (FTAI) systems. The CO-Synch+CIDR system was developed at Colorado State University and has been tested by universities across the U.S. Results with this system are good with 50-65% of the cows becoming pregnant to a single AI breeding on one day.

Results with CO-Synch+CIDR

For the past two years, we’ve conducted research on CO-Synch+CIDR in Virginia herds of various sizes. More than 1,400 cows were bred on 10 farms with an average pregnancy rate of 56.3%. The range in pregnancy rates was between 51% and 76% with most of the herds at about 55%. Researchers in Missouri have reported an average 62% AI pregnancy rate in more than 3,000 cows from multiple herds.

It’s not just the synchronization system

Other management procedures are also critical for cows to breed well to AI. All the herds in studies reported above had calving seasons of 90 days or less. All cows were from well-vaccinated herds. In addition, the managers had paid careful attention to nutrition, so most of the cows were in body condition score 5 or 6. Still thin cows and cows that had calved less than 60 days before breeding had lower pregnancy rates compared to the fleshier, early calving cows (Tables 1 & 2). Producers need to make sure they have good management in place before investing in an estrous synchronization and AI program.

Table 1. Impact of body condition score at breeding on pregnancy rate to fixed-time AI (FTAI) and overall pregnancy rate

Body condition score Pregnant to FTAI Pregnant to AI plus
clean-up bull
4 or less 46.4% (78/168)a 82.7% (139/168)a
5-6 56.0% (566/1011)b 89.3% (903/1011)b
7 or greater 64.4% (172/267)c 92.9% (248/267)b
a,b,c Averages within column with different superscripts are different (P < 0.05).
Adapted from Kasimanickam et al., 2006

Table 2. Effect of days postpartum on pregnancy rates to fixed-time AI (FTAI)

Days since calving at start of the breeding season Pregnant to FTAI
60 or less 49.2% (186/378)a
61-80 60.8% (400/658)b
81 or greater 56.1% (230/410)b
a,b Averages within column with different superscripts are different (P < 0.05).
Adapted from Kasimanickam et al., 2006

Surprisingly, young cows (2 year olds) had pregnancy rates similar to mature cows, with cows of all ages averaging about 56% pregnant to FTAI.

Many producers are concerned about cows bred on the same day calving on a single day. Research from Missouri and other locations has proved that calves from cows bred on the same day will be born throughout a two week period. This is due to the natural variation in gestation length. In a herd of 60 cows, that translates into four to six calves being born on the busiest day. Most days only two or three calves will be born.

If you have questions about AI and estrous synchronization systems, contact your AI representative or your local Extension beef specialist.


Statement by Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns:
Regarding the Rejection of U.S. Beef Shipments by South Korea
Dec. 6, 2006

“I am very disappointed in the decision by South Korea to reject all three U.S. beef shipments sent since South Korean leaders announced on Sept. 11, 2006, that their border is open to U.S. beef. The rejection of the third shipment clearly illustrates that South Korean officials are determined to find an excuse to reject all beef products from the United States.

“There is absolutely no food safety issue with any one of these shipments. I find it difficult to accept that bone fragments the size of one half of a grain of rice were found through visual inspection of ten metric tons of beef, as is South Korea’s claim regarding the third shipment, despite the fact that it went through unusually rigorous inspection by the U.S. exporter before it was shipped. I can only conclude that these actions are designed to restrict beef trade.

“Today, South Korean officials have sent the message that their market is not commercially viable for U.S. beef. South Korea is attempting to claim its border is open to U.S. beef while refusing to allow trade to take place. This is unacceptable and certainly not the way trading partners should work with one another.

“It is our intention to work with the U.S. Trade Representative to examine all options available to the U.S. to legitimately open the South Korean market to U.S. beef. Our objective is to implement a trade agreement for beef that reflects science-based international guidelines and facilitates real trade.”


‘Natural’ — The Topic of Discussion

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has announced a public meeting to discuss a petition to establish a definition for the voluntary claim “natural” and to gather comments on conditions under which the claim should be allowed to be used on the labels of meat and poultry products.

The public meeting will be Dec. 12 from 9 a.m.-1 p.m. EST, in the south end of the USDA cafeteria, South Agriculture Building, Washington, D.C. Preregistration for the meeting is recommended. To register or to view the petition, visit the FSIS Web site.

USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will hold separate sessions to obtain input on a voluntary standard to address livestock production practices associated with the term “naturally raised.” Three listening sessions are scheduled. The first is at 1 p.m. EST on Dec. 11 in the Jefferson Auditorium of the South Agriculture Building. For more information on the listening sessions, please visit the AMS Web site or contact Martin O'Connor at (202) 720-4486 or martin.oconnor@usda.gov.

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