Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Market Update | Industry Insight Volume 4, Issue 20
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on newsworthy events pertaining to the Hereford seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA). Information sent to subscribers comes from material available on or authored by AHA, Hereford World and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC staff.
Star Lake Cattle Ranch Ad
Hereford Highlights

Make JNHE Room Reservations Now

More rooms are now available at the Junior National Hereford Expo (JNHE) headquarters hotels. A new block of rooms is available at the Comfort Inn and Suites, 4685 Quebec St., (303) 388-8100. The Comfort Inn and Suites is offering rooms at a rate of $69.99 per night.

Rooms are almost sold out at the following hotels: Renaissance Denver Hotel, (303) 399-7500, Doubletree Hotel Denver, (303) 321-3333, Courtyard Denver Stapleton (across the street from the Renaissance), (303) 333-3303, and the Radisson Hotel Denver Stapleton Plaza (next door to the Renaissance), (303) 321-3500. The reservation cutoff date is June 1. Ask for the Junior National Hereford Expo rate.

For more information about the JNHE, as well as other junior Hereford events this summer, download the summer activities PDF (616 KB).

June 1 Deadlines for NJHA Awards and Activities

  • Final JNHE ownership and entry deadline
  • NJHA director candidate nominations due
  • Walter and Joe Lewis Award applications due
  • National Junior Merit Award applications due
  • Hereford Herdsman Scholarship applications due
  • Advisor of the Year Award nominations due
  • PRIDE of the Nation Award applications due
  • Photo contest entries due at the AHA

Note to Advisors: The 2007 State Junior Advisor Handbooks were mailed this week. Please contact Chris Stephens, AHA director of youth activities, at or (816) 842-3757, if you did not receive your handbook.

Board Addresses Genetic Abnormality

The American Hereford Association (AHA) Board of Directors has been researching the prospects of a newly identified genetic abnormality. Scientists from the University of Nebraska, the University of Illinois and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Fort Keogh Livestock and Range Research Station have all been involved in the investigation of a seizure-like syndrome that causes calves to go into a 10 minute to an hour epileptic seizure. Calves are known to go down on their side with legs rigidly outstretched with all muscles in a prolonged contracted state.

David Steffen from the University of Nebraska, the AHA's official identifier for genetic abnormalities, recently wrote to the Board and stated that there was now enough evidence and pedigree linkage to declare the problem a genetic defect and it should be treated as one according to the Association rules and guidelines.

Steffen named the defect Idiopathic Epilepsy. Based on Steffen’s findings, along with other scientists, the Board officially approved the designation of the abnormality as a genetic defect at the recent spring board meeting.

In order to list animals that are carriers, the Association must document at least two confirmed cases produced by an animal with parentage verification through DNA. Very few animals have had two or more confirmed cases, but as soon as the breeders have been notified of the policy and given 30 days to respond, the animals will be listed in Hereford World magazine, on their pedigree, and on the AHA Web site.

More information on the genetic abnormality, how it can be managed and continued DNA research directed at finding a test will be included in the July Hereford World.

If you have questions regarding the abnormality or if you suspect you may have seen such symptoms in your own herd, contact Jack Ward, AHA chief operating officer and director of breed improvement, at or (816) 842-3757.

CK Ranch Nominated for BIF Award

The Hereford breed will be well represented at the 2007 Beef Improvement Federation (BIF) Annual Research Symposium and Annual Meeting scheduled for June 6-9 in Ft. Collins, Colo. The AHA nominated Star Lake Cattle Ranch, Skiatook, Okla., and CK Ranch, Brookville, Kan., for the Outstanding Seedstock and Commercial Producer of the Year awards. This week we are featuring commercial nominee, CK Ranch.

CK Ranch is located in the Smoky Hills region of Saline and Ellsworth counties of central Kansas, and is known as one of the best cow-calf grazing areas in the country. Jack and Donna Vanier and their son, John, own the ranch and the cow herd. Ray and Mary Negus manage the ranch.

The ranch includes approximately 15,000 acres of native pastures and 1,000 acres of tillable crop ground. The Vanier family has owned the land the since 1933, when the 5,600-acre Root Ranch was purchased.

CK Ranch was first stocked with steers and in the 1950s the ranch managed 2,000 registered cows and registered approximately 1,200 calves each year. Currently the CK commercial herd consists of 600-950 Hereford and Red Angus cows, and 175-200 registered Hereford and Red Angus cows make up the seedstock herd.

The primary purpose of the commercial cows is to serve as a testing herd to prove Hereford and Red Angus genetics. The cows calve in the spring with 100 to 400 heifers calving in January and February and the commercial cows in March and April. CK Ranch uses premium programs to collect data and to improve traits in the commercial herd. The ranch actively participates in the AHA National Reference Sire Evaluation Program (NRSEP) and the Hereford Verified program. Prior to participating in the NRSEP, CK Ranch structured their own sire testing programs in conjunction with producers in Kansas and Nebraska.

Congratulations to CK Ranch. Visit the BIF Web site for complete schedule and registration information.

Summer Interns On Board

The AHA, Hereford Publications Inc. (HPI) and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC are excited to introduce the summer 2007 interns: Tosha Powell, Amber, Okla., AHA/HPI communications intern; Crystal Young, Breton, Alta., AHA youth activities intern; and Amber Jones, Belen, N.M., CHB LLC intern. These three talented young people started work in Kansas City this week. Look for bios on these talented young people in a future Hereford eNews issue and the July Hereford World.

Want to Sell Your Hereford-Influenced Feeder Calves for a Premium?

If so, The Greater Midwest Certified Hereford Feeder Calf Sale may be just the outlet for you.

This steer and heifer calf sale is scheduled for Dec. 6 at 1 p.m. in the Carthage Livestock Sale Barn, Carthage, Ill. To create a strong appeal to feedlot buyers and encourage premium prices, certain sale criteria have been established:

  • Calves must be at least 50% Hereford, age and source verified, preconditioned, castrated, dehorned, weaned and bunk-broke.
  • Calves must be tagged with Hereford Verified ear tags.
  • Calves must be preconditioned under the MERIAL® SUREHEALTH™ program.
  • No implants are allowed.
  • Calves will be sorted into load-size lots by weight, type and sex.

The last day to register is Oct. 15. For registration details, step-by-step participation instructions, costs and other pertinent information, view the registration packet (Word) and sale brochure (PDF).

Don’t miss this opportunity, whether you have one or 100 head to sell. Feedlot buyers demand large numbers of uniform, preconditioned, verified cattle. The goal is to have 1,000-plus head of quality Hereford-influenced calves to offer.

If your calves sell to a Hereford Verified participating feedlot, you’re eligible to receive data back from the feedlot to the rail!

For more information, contact a member of the sale committee:
  • Brent Lowderman, Illinois, (309) 221-9621
  • Rusty Miller, Indiana, (765) 482-4386
  • Brent Behrends, Illinois, (217) 482-5046
  • Tom Heidt, Wisconsin, (608) 574-2309
  • Mark Stephens, Illinois, (217) 825-9913
  • Jerry Huth, Wisconsin, (920) 583-3223
  • John Meents, AHA, (419) 306-7480
  • Jim Williams, CHB LLC, (308) 222-0170

The Greater Midwest Certified Hereford Feeder Calf Sale is endorsed by the Buckeye Hereford Association, Indiana Hereford Association, Illinois Polled Hereford Association, Illinois Hereford Association and Wisconsin Polled Hereford Association.

Delegate Nominations Due May 31

All active AHA members should have received their delegate nomination postcards in the mail. To nominate a state delegate to the AHA Annual Meeting, Oct. 22, your reply must be postmarked by May 31. If you are an active member and don’t receive a postcard, contact Mary Ellen Hummel at (816) 842-3757 or

Register Early

Take advantage of the cost savings when registering calves early (up to 4 months of age). Registering all calves will give you the opportunity to receive expected progeny differences (EPDs) on the entire calf crop. Remember there is also cost savings for electronic registration versus regular.

Summer Analysis Cutoff – May 31

Remember that May 31 is the deadline to have data submitted for the summer analysis. Questions, contact Jack Ward at or (816) 842-3757.

DeShazer Cattle Co.
Market Update

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain, University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To view this information, visit the University of Missouri AgEBB Web site.

Beckley's Herefords, J&L Cattle Services and Jibben 
Polled Herefords
Industry Insight

Phosphorus Supplementation in Beef Cattle
Greg Lardy, North Dakota State University Animal and Range Sciences Department
Marcy Ward, Colby Community College

Phosphorus (P) is a macromineral required by all animals for a number of metabolic, neurologic and cellular functions. Specifically phosphorus plays a key role as an energy source (ATP) for cells, it is involved in blood-buffering systems and activation of several B vitamins, and it is a component of genetic materials (DNA and RNA). In addition phosphorus works in conjunction with calcium (Ca) to develop and maintain healthy bones and teeth.

In beef cows, symptoms of phosphorus deficiency include reduced feed intake, reduced weight gain in calves, reduced conception and milk production, as well as anestrus. Phosphorus-deficient cattle appear gaunt, lethargic and have a rough hair coat. Reduced reproductive performance, however, may be a secondary effect due to reduced energy and protein intake caused by the phosphorus deficiency.

Phosphorus deficiencies, unfortunately, are common on native pastures and harvested forages. The phosphorus content of most plants in semiarid regions averages 0.30% during the vegetative state and drops to 0.15% as grass matures. A similar pattern in phosphorus content occurs in cured hays. The later hay is cut in the season (past boot stage) the more the phosphorus concentration is reduced. In addition, during winter months and times of drought, when harvested forages are the primary source of feed, phosphorus may become deficient.

When providing supplemental phosphorus, consider two major factors. First, whether the source of phosphorus is available biologically (it is readily absorbed). Sources considered highly available include dicalcium phosphate (Dical; CaHPO4•2H2O), ammonium phosphate (NH3PO4), and sodium phosphate (NaPO4). Of theses sources, Dical is the most commonly used and commercially available. Ruminants don't utilize anhydrous sources or phosphorus associated with a metal (iron, aluminum, etc.), very well.

Second, you must consider the dietary ratio of calcium to phosphorus (Ca:P). Calcium works in conjunction with phosphorus to form bone. Because of the relationship between calcium and phosphorus, a proper balance must be maintained. Based on extensive research on these two minerals, optimal performance occurs when the Ca:P ratio in cattle diets is 1.5:1 to 2.0:1. When Ca:P ratios exceed 6:1 or phosphorus remains deficient, reduced growth, feed efficiency and reproduction will result. If the ratio approaches 1:1, or phosphorus intake exceeds calcium, (as seen in high-concentrate diets), urinary calculi (water belly) can develop in steers and bulls.


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