Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Market Update | Industry Insight Volume 4, Issue 39
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on newsworthy events pertaining to the Hereford seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA). Information sent to subscribers comes from material available on Hereford.org or authored by AHA, Hereford World and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC staff.
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Hereford Highlights

Welcome to Kansas City!

The American Hereford Association (AHA) Board and staff would like to welcome everyone coming to Kansas City for the Annual Membership Meeting on Monday, Oct. 22. A lot of good things have happened in the breed during the last fiscal year; we’re excited to share. We’re also looking forward to getting your feedback to further strengthen the Association in the future.

The Annual Meeting will begin at 9 a.m. in the Hilton President Kansas City. The Annual Report will be presented and distributed to the membership, along with other reports on activities within the Association, Hereford Publications Inc. (HPI), Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC and the Hereford Youth Foundation of America (HYFA).

This year’s Hereford Heritage Hall of Fame and Hereford Hall of Merit recipients will be recognized, as well as national show point winners.

Also, three new AHA Board members will be announced. Running for the Board are Whitey Hunt, Madison, Ga.; Jerry Huth, Oakfield, Wis.; James Milligan, Kings, Ill.; Glenn Oleen, Falun, Kan.; John Ridder, Callaway, Neb.; and John Woolfolk, Jackson, Tenn.

Below is a schedule of activities. The October Hereford World includes more information about the weekend activities plus Board candidate profiles and a list of delegates.

Schedule of Events

Saturday, Oct. 20

7:45 a.m. State presidents’ meeting
Hilton President Kansas City
9 a.m. American Hereford Women annual meeting
Hilton President Kansas City
10 a.m. Delegate orientation
Hilton President Kansas City
1 p.m. Preview Ladies of the Royal sale offering
American Royal complex
3 p.m. Ladies of the Royal sale
American Royal complex
6:30 p.m. Open house
AHA headquarters

Sunday, Oct. 21

8 a.m. American Royal National Hereford Show
(junior show immediately followed by open show)
American Royal complex
6:30 p.m. 2007 HYFA Harvest Gala
Clubhouse on Baltimore

Monday, Oct. 22

9 a.m. AHA Annual Membership Meeting
Hilton President Kansas City


Board Candidate Profile: John Woolfolk

Tennessee producer John Woolfolk has been in the Hereford business since 1963. Woolfolk Farms is a diversified family farm located in the gently rolling land of western Tennessee. Established in 1865, the Century Farm added the first registered Herefords in 1950. Cow herd size has increased steadily to today’s 150 cows.

The Woolfolks sell registered heifers and bulls private treaty and through consignment sales. In 2003 the family started breeding 100 registered cows to Angus and Balancer bulls. The F1 females are developed and sold either as bred heifers or as cow-calf pairs. Steers are sold in either the Tennessee Beef Alliance Sale or the Tennessee Hereford Marketing Program sale in order to collect as much performance and carcass data as possible. In addition to the cattle herd, the farming operation includes cotton, soybeans and hybrid Bermuda hay.

John received his bachelor’s degree from University of Tennessee-Martin and his master’s degree from Kansas State University. He currently works for Tennessee Producer Genetics as the coordinator of the Tennessee Beef Cattle Alliance.

John has served as president and secretary of the Tennessee Polled Hereford Association and has served as coordinator of the Tennessee Hereford Marketing Program since 1999.

John is a member of St. Luke United Methodist Church, Tennessee Farm Bureau, Tennessee Cattlemen’s Association and Tennessee Beef Marketing Alliance.

John and his wife, Pat, have three children. All three children have been active in junior Hereford activities.


Submit Data by Nov. 1 for Spring Analysis

All data needs to be submitted prior to Nov. 1 in order to be included in the next genetic analysis. The AHA performance department requests breeders collect cow weights and body condition scores when taking weaning weights. This data is imperative to the breed’s longevity and fertility traits.


AHA Featured on Kansas City Radio Program

AHA was a featured topic on a popular Kansas City radio program. Noteworthy chef and restaurant owner, Chef Jasper, interviewed AHA communications director David Mehlhaff on the chef’s popular radio talk show from the historic Golden Ox restaurant.

Mehlhaff shared the history of the Hereford breed, facts about the American Royal and also educated consumers on Certified Hereford Beef®.

Visit Chef Jasper’s blog and scroll down to Saturday, October 13 for additional information about that day’s radio show.


Montana Hereford Association Annual Meeting Scheduled

The Montana Hereford Association Annual Meeting & Convention is set for Nov. 3 in Bozeman at the Best Western City Center. The schedule includes something for everyone — adults to junior members — so plan to attend.

A block of rooms has been reserved at the Best Western City Center, (406) 587-3158. RSVP for the event by calling Cory Dutton at (406) 288-3563 or Lorrie Wacker at (406) 895-2670 or e-mail dwackers@hotmail.com.


Don’t Miss Out on These Hereford Christmas Ideas

Do your Christmas shopping with the American Hereford Women (AHW) and at the
same time help raise funds for Hereford juniors.

Items for sale include:
Learning With Herefords! DVD — $35
"A Hereford Legacy" Bud Snidow DVD — $20
Add $2 shipping and handling for each DVD ordered.

To order, contact Cheryl Evans at eehje@dixie-net.com or P.O. Box 310, Winona, MS 38967.

AHW also has Hereford candles, Hereford charms and leather mouse pads with AHA or NJHA imprinted on them.

Visit the AHW Web site to view pictures and for more information.


National Western Announces Changes

The National Western Stock Show (NWSS) has announced several changes for its 2008 event. The entry deadline is Tuesday, Nov. 20, and all cattle must be registered at the time of entry. No pending registrations will be allowed in either the Hill or Yard shows.

All cattle entered must test negative for persistent infection with bovine viral diarrhea (PI BVD).

All cattle sold, either privately or through auction, must test negative for brucellosis (Bang's disease) and tuberculosis (TB).

Hereford events during the NWSS will include the junior show Jan. 16, the carload and pen bull show Jan. 17 as well as the new pen of three female show, Jan. 18 will be the female show followed by the bull show on Jan. 19. The Mile High Night Hereford Sale is scheduled for Friday, Jan. 18 at 6 p.m. The sale will be managed by National Cattle Services Inc. and is sponsored by the AHA.

The AHA headquarters is the Renaissance Denver Hotel at 3801 Quebec Street. A block of rooms is reserved until Dec. 18. The rate is $84. Call (303) 399-7500 to make your reservations. The catalog will be published in the December Hereford World. For more information, contact Joe Rickabaugh at (816) 842-3757.

More information about Hereford activities in Denver will be in the December Hereford World. For a complete set of NWSS rules and guidelines visit the NWSS Web site.

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Market Update
Downloads:

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain, University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To view this information, visit the University of Missouri AgEBB Web site.

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Industry Insight

Nutrition During Pregnancy May Have Long-term Impacts
John B. Hall, Virginia Tech Extension Beef Cattle Specialist

As we move into fall, the continued drought in many areas of the country has producers considering how they are going to feed the cow herd this winter. In other areas, rain during hay production may have decreased forage quality. It is important not only to keep cattle full but also to truly meet their nutritional needs for energy, protein and minerals.

There are many reasons to focus on meeting nutritional needs and not just filling up cattle on junk hay. Calf vigor and survivability are affected by nutrition in late gestation. Certainly, cow body condition at calving is related to pregnancy rates during the subsequent breeding season. However, there is mounting evidence that fetal exposure to nutrients may have lifelong impacts in animals.

Nutritional exposure during gestation

Many research articles indicate that maternal nutrition can impact the long-term health of the offspring. In women folic acid is an important vitamin during early gestation, which impacts health of the fetal central nervous system. Mounting evidence in a variety of species indicates that extremely high-energy diets during gestation can lead to obesity in offspring. Finally maternal exposure to toxic agents such as alcohol and carcinogens can lead to lifelong problems in the offspring. These effects of uterine environment on health of the offspring are called fetal programming.

Maternal nutrition can affect reproductive efficiency in offspring

Research in the 1980s and 1990s demonstrated that severe undernutrition at almost any time during gestation can alter reproductive development in domestic animals (Rind et al, 2001). Many of these studies did not follow-up on subsequent reproduction in offspring. A few studies did follow-up on reproduction in females subjected to undernutrition during mid to late gestation. The researchers reported delayed onset of puberty. So undernutrition during gestation may impact the ability of heifers to become pregnant during their first breeding season.

Recently a study by Nebraska researchers (Martin et al., 2007) discovered that protein deficiency in late gestation resulted in heifers that had greater difficulty becoming pregnant. Heifers from dams that were protein supplemented were heavier at pre-breeding, pregnancy exam and the beginning of the second breeding season. Interestingly heifers from protein deficient dams were the same age at puberty as heifers from the protein supplemented dams, but fewer of these fetally undernourished heifers became pregnant or calved during the first 21 days of the calving season. Therefore in the Nebraska study undernutrition during late gestation produced heifers that were smaller and more reproductively inefficient.

What does this mean for producers?

Late gestation is (or will be) a tough time for cows in Southeast and Intermountain West this year. Fall calving cows have experienced drought during late gestation whereas spring calving herds will have limited hay and feed supplies this winter. It is very important for the long-term productivity of the herd that late gestation nutrition is adequate. Poor nutrition during late gestation will result in decreased calf vigor and survivability and decreased cow rebreeding rates. In addition the future reproductive potential of herd replacements may be affected.

The supplement of choice depends on the region of the country. In the Southeast and Midwest, energy is the nutrient that needs supplementing most often. With limited hay supplies and variable quality, energy is most likely to be deficient. Only first cutting hay that was made very late is likely to be protein deficient. The best supplements are by-products such as soy hulls, corn gluten, wheat mids and brewer’s grains. These feeds not only contain additional energy but also contain supplemental protein in case dietary protein is slightly deficient.

In contrast, Western prairie hay and dormant range are deficient in protein, but tend to be adequate in energy for gestating cows. Supplementing protein as alfalfa cubes, protein cake or protein tubs not only take care of the protein deficiency, but they increase the ability of the rumen microbes to digest forage. In some cases, both energy and protein are deficient and supplements such as distillers grains or barley cake are needed.

Less is known about the impact of mineral deficiencies during gestation on future calf growth and reproduction. There is limited evidence that micromineral deficiency during gestation may have long-term effects (Arthington, 2006). The mineral supplementation program should not be overlooked.

Strategies for this winter’s nutrition to protect near- and long-term reproductive health are:

  • Test hay for nutrient content
  • Design a nutrition program based on forage tests
  • Work with your Extension professional or consulting nutritionist
  • Supplement energy in form of “fiber friendly” by-products
  • Use protein supplements appropriate to your environment
  • Use a complete mineral supplement that results in a dietary Ca:P ratio of 2:1 and high levels of copper, manganese, selenium and zinc.

Cow-calf producers that focus on economical nutritional supplementation during this tough period will be rewarded with a productive herd next spring and in years to come.


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