Hereford eNews
Hereford Highlights | Market Update | Industry Insight Volume 5, Issue 20
Welcome{IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE ", " END IF} {IF ISEMPTY [Name] THEN "" ELSE [Name] END IF}{IF NOT ISEMPTY [Name] THEN ", " ELSE " " END IF} to Hereford eNews, your source of the most current news affecting Hereford breeders. We aim to focus on newsworthy events pertaining to the Hereford seedstock industry. Sponsored by the American Hereford Association (AHA). Information sent to subscribers comes from material available on or authored by AHA, Hereford World and Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) LLC staff.
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Hereford Highlights

National Hereford Tour Next Week

The National Hereford Tour, Rollin’ Through Dixie, takes place next week, May 20-24. The tour kicks off with the Herefords in Dixie welcome reception at the Country Music Hall of Fame® and Museum in Nashville, Tenn. The reception will be May 20 at 6 p.m. and the ticket price is $60, which includes an interactive tour of the museum and heavy hors d’ oeuvres and refreshments. To purchase tickets call Amy Cowan at (816) 842-3757.

The American Hereford Association (AHA) thanks sponsors BioZyme Inc. and Gallagher Animal Management Solutions as well as all the tour hosts who are helping to make Rollin’ Through Dixie a memorable experience for all those in attendance.

Tour Schedule of Events

Tuesday, May 20

  • Arrive in Nashville
  • 6-8 p.m. — Welcome reception, Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, Nashville

Wednesday, May 21

  • 6:30 a.m. — Buffet breakfast at Holiday Inn Select
  • 7:30 a.m. — Load buses
  • 10:30 a.m. — Arrive at Four L Hereford Farm, Atwood, Tenn.
  • 1 p.m. — Load buses
  • 3:30 p.m. — Arrive at Triple L Ranch, Franklin, Tenn.
  • Return to Holiday Inn Select, Nashville airport

Thursday, May 22

  • 6:30 a.m. — Buffet breakfast at Holiday Inn Select
  • 7:30 a.m. — Load buses
  • 10 a.m. — Arrive at Burns Farm, Pikeville, Tenn.
  • Noon — Load buses
  • 3 p.m. — Arrive at Whaley’s Polled Herefords, Dalton, Ga.
  • 5 p.m. — Arrive at Leonard’s Polled Herefords, Chatsworth, Ga.
  • Arrive at hotels, Cartersville, Ga.

Friday, May 23

  • 7:30 a.m. — Load buses
  • 8 a.m. — Breakfast at JWR Land and Cattle Co., Rockmart, Ga.
  • 9:30 a.m. — Load buses
  • 10:30 a.m. — Arrive at Debter Hereford Farm, Horton, Ala.
  • 2 p.m. — Load buses and depart for Ft. Payne, Ala.
  • 3 p.m. — Arrive at hotels, Ft. Payne, Ala.
  • 4:30 p.m. — Depart for Tennessee River Music Inc. “Music on the Mountain” event
  • 6 p.m. — “Music on the Mountain”

Saturday, May 24

  • 7 a.m. — Early departure for Nashville airport (three hours to airport)
  • 2 p.m. — Last departure for Nashville airport (departing from Tennessee River Music Inc. sale)

Note: Local Hereford sales in the area include: Leonard’s Polled Herefords, May 23; Tennessee River Music Inc., Dixieland Delight Sale, May 24; and Mead Cattle Co., May 26.

"Music on the Mountain" To Benefit Youth

Hereford enthusiasts are invited to attend an evening celebrating Hereford youth May 23 in Ft. Payne, Ala. Tennessee River Music Inc. will host the event that will include live entertainment, dinner and auction. For more information and to order tickets, visit the Music on the Mountain Web site.

Exceptional items to be auctioned

The Hereford Youth Foundation of America (HYFA) board of directors has assembled 18 premier auction items to benefit youth scholarship, education and leadership activities of the National Junior Hereford Association. Download a list of auction items (PDF).

Many Hereford breeders and allied industry supporters have graciously donated many of the items in the auction. If you would like to receive more information on the items or if you will not be able to attend the Music on the Mountain Fundraiser and would like to place a silent bid please contact Chris Stephens, HYFA director, at (816) 868-1858 or

Delegate Nominations Due May 31

All active AHA members should have received their delegate nomination postcards in the mail. To nominate a state delegate to the AHA Annual Membership Meeting, Nov 3, your reply must be postmarked by May 31. If you are an active member and didn’t receive a postcard, contact Mary Ellen Hummel at (816) 842-3757 or

Do You Have Someone in Mind for the AHA Board?

The AHA nominating committee’s responsibility is to identify six candidates to vie for the three Board positions that are selected during the AHA Annual Membership Meeting in November.

To make a recommendation, contact one of the following committee members:

Dennis Schock, Chairman
1911 Smith Oak Rd.
Sherman, TX 75090-3253
(903) 815-2004
(903) 893-1988 – fax

Eric Walker
Walker Polled Hereford Farm
P.O. Box 146
Morrison, TN 37357-0146
(931) 668-4622 - office
(931) 668-7365 - fax
(931) 635-2181 - home
(931) 607-6356 - cell

Dale Spencer
Spencer Herefords
43500 E. North Loup Rd.
Brewster, NE 68821-5104
(308) 547-2208 - home
(308) 547-2443 - fax

Marty D. Lueck
Leo & Jean Journagan
RR 1, Box 85G
Mountain Grove, MO 65711-9511
(417) 948-2669 - office
(417) 948-0509 – fax

Leon Langford
Langford Herefords
6815 N. 317 Rd.
Okmulgee, OK 74447-8995
(918) 733-1331 – home
(918) 733-9267 - fax (call first)

All nominee and support letters must be sent to the attention of:

Mary Ellen Hummel
American Hereford Association
P.O. Box 014059
Kansas City, MO 64101-0059

Red Hills Herefords Catalog Omission

Red Hills Herefords, Clinton, Okla., failed to note in its sale catalog that its upcoming sale offering video can be viewed on its website.

Their sale catalog was included with the April Hereford World.

Deadline for Submitting Data Approaching

The deadline for submitting all of your data is May 30. If you haven’t done so yet, please submit your data so you may be included in the fall analysis.

Bloodtyping Not Available

After Jan. 1, 2009, bloodtyping for parentage verification will not be available. This means that any sire or dam that has been bloodtyped and not had DNA collected will not be available for use to qualify as an artificial insemination (AI) sire or embryo transfer (ET) dam.

Plan to Attend 2008 JNHE

The 2008 Junior National Hereford Expo (JNHE) is scheduled for July 12-19 in Kansas City, Mo. The Illinois, Missouri and Arkansas state Hereford associations in cooperation with the American Hereford Association (AHA) will host this year’s event.

Download JNHE Preview (PDF)

Calling for Hereford Photos

Hereford Publications Inc. is sponsoring a Hereford photo contest for photographers of all ages. The contest will include two categories: 1) Hereford cattle and 2) scenic. All photos must include a Hereford.

Cash prizes will be awarded to winners in both categories, first, $100; second, $75; and third, $50. Contestants can enter up to three photos per category. All photos become property of the Hereford World and can be utilized in future issues of Hereford World or other Hereford publications.

Photos can be submitted as 5×7 or 8×10 prints. Mounting is not necessary. If photos are in digital format, please also submit them on CD or DVD. Photos may not be altered or image enhanced in any way.

Entries must be postmarked by June 1. Send entries to Angie Stump Denton, Hereford World, 1501 Wyandotte St., Kansas City, MO 64101. For more information, contact Denton at or (785) 363-7263.

Junior Deadlines Are Fast Approaching

June 1

  • Junior National Hereford Expo FINAL Entry Deadline
  • Junior National Hereford Expo Ownership Deadline
  • National Director Candidate Nomination Form Due
  • Walter and Joe Lewis Memorial Award Applications Due
  • Advisor of the Year Award Nominations Due
  • PRIDE of the Nation Award Nominations Due
  • Photo Contest Entries Due

Register Now for 2008 BIF Annual Meeting

Register for the 2008 Beef Improvement Federation (BIF) Beef Beyond Borders Conference scheduled June 30-July 3 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. This annual research symposium and annual meeting is open to all beef industry enthusiasts. This event will attract more than 500 seedstock and commercial producers, feedlot operators and other beef industry stakeholders from across North America.

Visit the BIF Web site for registration, hotel and conference information.

Market Update

Cattle Outlook
Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain, University of Missouri-Columbia

Grimes and Plain offer market updates for the week past each Friday afternoon. To view this information, visit the University of Missouri AgEBB Web site.

Industry Insight

Give Your Bull A Job Evaluation
John B. Hall, University of Idaho Extension beef specialist

Evaluation of new employees is an important part of ensuring job quality for the future. The same is true of herd bulls whether they are new to the herd or they have been around for several breeding seasons. Just as new employee evaluations occur during the first 30 days of employment, an "on-the-job" bull evaluation should be performed early in the breeding season.

As has been stressed many times, breeding soundness exams are important to breeding success. Bulls passing a breeding soundness exam (BSE) settle an average of 6-20% more cows than unexamined bulls. Similarly, watching bulls during the first few days of the breeding season to ensure they are successfully mounting and inseminating cows is important. But those don't qualify as the "on-the-job" evaluation.

Between the 21st and 30th day of the breeding season, the bull(s) and cows need to be checked carefully. The herd does not need to be gathered to make this check, so this exam can be performed from a pick-up, horseback or on foot. The essential parts of the exam are to check:

  1. the bull for lameness or other problems with movement or mounting
  2. body condition of the bull (ideal condition is body condition score 4 to 5)
  3. the bull for injuries or abnormalities of the penis, prepuce or testis
  4. the bull libido or desire to breed cows
  5. the cows for heat over 3 to 5 days

If a bull has an injury, become lame, or a reproductive abnormality, he should be removed from the herd and replaced immediately. Bulls that have become too thin should be removed, re-nourished, and rested. In commercial operations, bulls that appear to lack libido can be introduced to a new set of cows. If moving him resparks his interest then he can stay in the herd; if not then he needs to be replaced.

Producers often believe that using multi-sire breeding groups will reduce the impact of injuries, bull reproductive failure or low libido. However, research, using DNA of calves to identify sires, demonstrated that 50% of the bulls breed 80% of the cows (Table 1). Even in age and size matched bulls, there is a dominance hierarchy where the most dominant bull breeds most of the cows. In addition, Dr. Saacke from VA Tech found that sperm from different bulls vary in their ability to fertilize eggs. Even when the cows are inseminated with the same number of sperm from each bull, some bulls will sire more calves. Unfortunately, dominant bulls will often keep the other bulls from breeding cows even if the dominant bull cannot. The result is open cows. This "not my cows" syndrome is often a problem with dominant bulls that have reproductive failure or injury.

High percentage of cows cycling after first 21 days. By checking heat on cows for 3 to 5 days between days 21 and 30 of the breeding season, producers can get an idea about general bull and cow fertility. If 25-30 % or more of the cows are cycling during this 3 to 5 day period, there may be a bull problem. At the beginning of the breeding season, if cows were thin or many of the cows had calves less than 30 days old then it is probably normal. However, if most of the cows were in good condition and cycling at the beginning of the breeding season, then there could be a bull problem.

Table 1. Effect of dominance on percentage of cows bred in multi-sire pastures

  Bulls per Pasture
3 4 5
Dominate Bull

66 %

50 %

40 %

Subordinate bull A

28 %

31 %

29 %

Subordinate bull B

7 %

13 %

19 %

Subordinate bull C

6 %

8 %

Subordinate bull D

3 %

From Ax et al., 2002

Giving the herd bull a job evaluation between day 21 and 30 of the breeding season is easy, but it takes time. Bulls with poor performance should be fired immediately! Selling or at least removing a bull during the breeding season is a hard decision to make, but it is much easier to take than more open cows and fewer calves next year.


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